Protected areas of Mozambique

Protected areas in Mozambique are known as conservation areas, and are currently grouped into national parks, national reserves, forest reserves, wildlife utilisation areas (coutadas), community wildlife utilisation areas and private game farms (fazendas de bravio). There are also a number of areas that have been declared as protected areas under a variety of different legislation, which for reasons of simplicity are here grouped together as "other protected areas." Under the Conservation Law of 2014 (Law 16/2014 of June 20), the protected areas will need to be reclassified into a much more flexible series of new categories which are closer to the international system used by the IUCN. International initiatives such as transfrontier parks are grouped at the end of the page.

National parks

  • Banhine National Park, Parque Nacional de Banhine - Gaza (7,250 km²)
  • Bazaruto National Park, Parque Nacional do Arquipelago de Bazaruto - Inhambane (1,463 km²)
  • Gorongosa National Park, Parque Nacional da Gorongosa - Sofala (5,370 km²)
  • Limpopo National Park, Parque Nacional do Limpopo - Gaza (11,233 km²)
  • Magoe National Park, Parque Nacional do Magoe - Tete (3,558 km²)
  • Quirimbas National Park, Parque Nacional das Quirimbas - Cabo Delgado (9,130 km²)
  • Zinave National Park, Parque Nacional do Zinave - Inhambane (4,000 km²)

National reserves

  • Chimanimani National Reserve, Reserva Nacional do Chimanimani - Manica (6550 km²)
  • Gilé National Reserve, Reserva Nacional do Gilé - Zambézia (4,436 km²)
  • Maputo Special Reserve, Reserva Especial de Maputo - Maputo (1,040 km²)
  • Marromeu Buffalo Reserve, Reserva de Búfalos de Marromeu - Sofala (1,500 km²)
  • Niassa National Reserve, Reserva Nacional do Niassa - Niassa (42,200 km²)
  • Pomene National Reserve, Reserva National de Pomene - Inhambane (50 km²)

Other protected areas

  • Lake Niassa Partial Marine Reserve, Reserva Marinha Parcial de Lago Niassa - Niassa (486 km²)
  • Malhazine Municipal Park, Parque Ecológico de Malhazine - Maputo City (5.6 km²)
  • Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve, Reserva Marinha Parcial de Ponta do Ouro - Maputo (673 km²)
  • Primeiras and Segundas Islands Environmental Protected Area, Área de Protecção Ambiental do Arquipélago das Ilhas Primeiras e Segundas- Zambezia, Nampula (10,409 km²)
  • Sao Sebastiao Total Protection Area, Area de Proteccao Total de Sao Sebastiao - Inhambane (439 km²)

Community wildlife utilisation areas

  • Chipanje Chetu (6,065 km²)
  • Mitcheu (113 km²)
  • Tchuma Tchato (31,838 km²)

Wildlife utilisation areas

  • Coutada 4 - Manica (4,300 km²)
  • Coutada 5 - Sofala (6,868 km²)
  • Coutada 6 - Sofala (4,563 km²) - extinguished in 2014
  • Coutada 7 - Manica (5,408 km²)
  • Coutada 8 - Sofala (310 km²) - extinguished in 2014; became the Mitcheu Community Conservation Area
  • Coutada 9 - Manica (4,333 km²)
  • Coutada 10 - Sofala (2,008 km²)
  • Coutada 11 - Sofala (1,928 km²)
  • Coutada 12 - Sofala (2,963 km²)
  • Coutada 13 - Manica (5,683 km²)
  • Coutada 14 - Sofala (1,353 km²)
  • Coutada 15 - Sofala (2,300 km²)
  • Coutada 16 - now part of the Limpopo National Park
  • Luabo (558 km²)
  • Lureco (2,226 km²)
  • Marupa
  • Messalo (1,227 km²)
  • Micaúne (240 km²)
  • Mulela (964 km²)
  • Nacúma (2,713 km²)
  • Nicage (Cabo Delgado) (5,400 km²)
  • Nipepe (1,382 km²)
  • Nungo (3,288 km²)

Forest reserves

  • Baixo Pinda (196 km²)
  • Derre (1,700 km²)
  • Inhamitanga (16 km²)
  • Licuáti (37 km²)
  • Maronga (83 km²)
  • Matibane (512 km²)
  • Mecuburi (2,300 km²)
  • Moribane (53 km²)
  • M’palue (51 km²)
  • Mucheve (91 km²)
  • Nhampacue (170 km²)
  • Ribáuè (52 km²)
  • Zomba (28 km²)

RAMSAR sites

  • Lake Niassa Ramsar Complex
  • Marromeu Complex

Transfrontier conservation areas

  • Chimanimani Transfrontier Conservation Area - established in 1999 between the Mozambique and Zimbabwe governments
  • Extension: 2.056 km²
  • Composition: Mozambique (Chimanimani National Reserve); Zimbabwe (Chimanimani National Park)
  • Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area - established at December 10, 2004 among the Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa governments
  • Extension: 84.868 km²
  • Composition: Mozambique (Limpopo, Banhine and Zinave National Parks); Zimbabwe (Gonarezhou, Manjinji Pan Sanctuary, Malipati Safari Area, Sengwe Community Area); South Africa (Kruger National Park, Makulele Region)
  • Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation Area - cross border established in June, 2000 among the Mozambique, Swaziland and South Africa governments
  • Extension: 4.170 km²
  • Composition: Maputo Elephant Reserve (Mozambique), Tembe Elephant Park (South Africa) and Lubombo Conservancy (Swaziland)